SSO using Moodle as Identity Provider

How can we Authenticate using Moodle as an Identity Provider?

Moodle authentication is a process where users can login to their external applications and Websites using their Moodle website credentials. miniOrange lets Moodle act as an IDP (Identity Provider) which allows users to achieve Single Sign-On (SSO) into multiple applications and external websites. Users will authenticate themselves via their Moodle credentials only once and they can access all the external applications.
The Moodle User database is linked to miniOrange as a user store to provide SSO into external applications. This is made possible by miniorange's Moodle as API Authentication Source plugin which provides login capabilities using API endpoints.

Features of Moodle as API Authentication Source plugin:

  • Secure SSO access for multiple applications and websites using Moodle Credentials.
  • You don’t need to migrate your users from Moodle to any third party system.
  • On-the-fly user creation : Auto create users at the time of SSO login and auto sync up of user details.
  • Multiple Authentication protocol support : SAML, OAuth, OpenID, JWT etc.

Step 1: Install and setup Moodle API Authentication Plugin

  • Contact us to setup and get Zip file for Moodle API Authentication plugin.
  • Navigate to your Moodle admin dashboard to install and activate the Moodle API authentication plugin.
  • Open the Moodle API Authentication plugin settings and copy the User Authentication URL and the User Authentication Parameter.
  •  Copy User Authentication URL from Moodle API Plugin
  • Enter the attributes name that you want to release to your application during the authentication.
  • Select attributes to be passed while Moodle SSO Login
  • Click on the Save button to save your Moodle API configurations.

Step 2: Setup Moodle as an authentication source in miniOrange

  • Login with your miniOrange account.
  • Navigate to User Stores and click on the Add User Store button.

    Add user store for SSO login using Moodle API
  • Switch to the API tab and select Custom API from the dropdown.

    Switch to API tab to configure Moodle
  • Provide an API identifier name.
  • Under the Authentication Configuration section, paste the User Authentication URL and User Authentication Parameters that you copied in step 1 above.

    moodle as api authentication source user authentication parameters
  • Provide the Header Name as Content-Type and its value as application/json.
  • Select the method as POST.
  • Provide the Status field’s value as error and Status Message field’s value as message.
  • Click on the Save button.
  • To test the connection, select the user store you just added and click on Test Authorization API.

    Test authorization api for Moodle SSO login
  • Enter your Moodle credentials when prompted and you should be able to see a Success message.

Step 3: Configure Your application in miniOrange


Note:

If you have already configured your application in miniOrange you can skip the following steps.

  • With us, You can configure application according to the the protocol it supports like SAML, OAuth, JWT, Ws-fed etc.
  • For example lets say the application supports SAML. Then go with the configurations Shown in SAML Application Tab.
  • Login to miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Go to Apps >> Manage Apps. Click on Configure Apps button.
  • Switch to Manage app section
  • Then click on Create App under SAML.
  • Click on Create SAML App
  • Search for you Application. In case you do not find your app, search for Custom SAML App.
  • Search for your SAML App Configure SAML Application
  • Get the ACS URL and SP Entity ID from your application.
  • Enter the following values OR click on Import SP Metadata:
  • Service Provider Name Choose appropriate name according to your choice
    SP Entity ID or Issuer Your Application Entity ID
    ACS URL X.509 Certificate (optional) Your Application Assertion Consumer Service URL
    NameID Format  Select urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.1:nameid-format:emailAddress
    Response Signed Unchecked
    Assertion Signed Checked
    Encrypted Assertion Unchecked
    Group policy Default
    Login Method
  • Click on Save to configure Your applcation.
  • Now to get the IDP metadata of the app configured, Go to apps >> your_app >> select >> metadata tab.
  • Go to the metadata section
  • Click on the Show Metadata details in the Information required to Authenticate via External IDPs section. Download the metadata XML file by clicking on Download Metadata button or copy the Metadata URL link.
  • Downlaod metadata - URL
  • You need to Upload this metadata in your application.
  • To configure OAuth application in miniOrange, login to miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Go to Apps >> Manage Apps Click Configure Apps button.
  • Manage application
  • Click on Create App under OAuth/OIDC. Click on Open ID Connect App .
  •  Add OAuth openIDConnect app
  • You can add any OAuth Client app here to enable miniOrange as OAuth Server. Few popular OAuth client apps for single sign-on are Salesforce, WordPress, Joomla, Atlassian, etc.
  • Select your OAuth openIDConnect app Configure OAth AddopenIDConnect app
  • Enter following Values:
  • Client Name Add appropriate Name
    Redirect URL Get the Redirect-URL from your OAuth Client
    Descrption Add if required
    Group Name Default
    Policy Name
    Login Method
  • Click on Save
  • Now to provide the required data to OAuth client go to the app configured i.e apps >> your_app >> select >> edit.
  • Edit OAuth editOpenidConnect app OAuth openidConnect app endpoints

    Note: Choose the Authorization Endpoint according to the identity source you configure.

  • When you want to use you want to use miniOrange as OAuth identity server use this endpoint: https://{mycompany.domainname.com}/moas/idp/openidsso
  • If you are configuring any Identity Provider in Identity Providers Menu and not using miniOrange as IDP use this endpoint: https://{mycompany.domainname.com}/broker/login/oauth{customerid}
  • Click on Create App under JWT.
  • Click n External JWT app
  • Select JWT App.
  • SelectJWT app
  • Configure the name for your application and configure Redirect-URL which tells where to send JWT response. Redirect-URL should be an endpoint on your application where you want to achieve SSO.
  • Configure JWT App

    In case you are setting up SSO with Mobile Applications where you can't create an endpoint for Redirect or Callback URL, use below URL.

    https://login.xecurify.com/moas/jwt/mobile
  • Click Save
  • To get the SSO link for your application, Go to Apps >> your_app >> select >> Edit.
  • Get SSO Link
  • Then, copy the Single Sign On Url and verify SSO setup by browsing that url.
  •  SSO URL
  • On successful authentication, you will be redirected to configured Redirect or Callback URL with JWT token
  • You will need to download a certificate from App > Manage Apps, and click Certificate link against your configured application. This certificate will be used for signature validation of JWT response.
  • Download certificate to proceed with SSO

Step 4: Setup Multiple IDPs (Optional)

    You have a choice to set multiple IDPS for Single Application, i.e integrate multiple IDP and users can select IDP accordingly from which they want to authenticate themselves. There are three different ways to authenticate users using IDP.

  • Login using IDP selection page: It gives users an option to Select IDP from the dropdown list during login time.
  • Domain Mapping: Here we map the email domains to a particular IDP. So when the user enters the Email address with a specific domain he would be redirected to the respective IDP.
  • App Identity Provider Mapping: This feature gives users an option to select one specific IDP for their application before login.
  • Note : At once you can select either of them.

A] Login using IDP selection page

  • You can configure multiple IDPs (Identity Providers) and give users the option to select the IDP of their choice to authenticate with.
    For Example - It could be multiple AD domains belonging to different departments or multiple okta organizations.
  • Few usecases where customers configure multiple IDPs -

  • Suppose you have a product which many of your clients use and each client has their own unique IDP so you want them to SSO into your product as well using their existing IDP only. miniOrange provides a centralized way to connect with all IDPs in a very easy manner and integrate SSO into your application.
  • Suppose you are providing a course to many universities, each having a unique SAML, OAuth protocol supported IDP's like Shibboleth, ADFS, CAS, etc. You can provide Single Sign-On (SSO) into your course application to all these universities by integrating with all of them using a single platform provided by miniOrange.
  • This is the endpoint to call from your SAML application -
    For Cloud IDP - https://login.xecurify.com/moas/discovery?customerId=<customer_id>
    For On-Premise IDP - https://yourdomain.com/discovery?customerId=<customer_id>
  • You should copy the Customer Key from admin console-> Settings -> and replace it with <customer_id> here. Once configured in SP, when you initiate the login from Service Provider, a user will be redirected to IDP Selection Page listing all IDPs configured for that account.
  • You can see the screenshot below of the IDP Selection Page with a list of IDPs .

    Note: To view the IDP in drop-down list, go to Identity Providers tab > against your configured IDP > Select >Edit , here Enable the Show IdP to Users option.

    Select your IDP (Identity Provider) to login

  • You can also change the look and feel of this page. Login to miniOrange Admin console. Navigate to Customization -> Branding Configuration. See the below screenshot for reference-
    Customize IDP selection login page
  1. You can customize the title of this page.
  2. Change the logo and favicon for this page.
  3. Change the background and button color for this page from admin UI.

B] Login via Domain Mapping

If you have multiple IDPs and you want a certain set of users to authenticate from one IdP whereas another set of users to authenticate from another IdP, based on their email domains then you can achieve this by using the following steps:- Our domain mapping feature

  • We have provided a Domain Mapping field under each IdP where admins can enter the domain eg. demo.com , example.com as shown in the screenshot below.
  • For your reference , Azure AD and Okta is being used as two different IDPs and WordPress is being used as SP. Follow the guides to set up Okta and WordPress at your end.


  • Once the setup is complete you can login through your Wordpress site.
  • Lets Say in Azure AD IDP Domain field we enter example.com and in Okta IDP Domain field we enter demo.com
  • So a user logging in with the example.com domain will be redirected to Azure AD IDP.
  • User logging in with email address having demo.com domain will be redirected to Okta IDP.
  • Once the user will authenticate itself through respective IDPs, it will be redirected back to Wordpress site.

C] Login via App Identity Provider Mapping

    If you have multiple IDPs (identity provider) and you want a certain application user to authenticate with one IDP and other application users with another IDP then you can achieve this by our Identity Source Feature.

  • Go to apps >> your_app >> select >>edit.

  • Edit SAML app
  • Here You will have an option called as an Identity source.

  • The dropdown list would show the list of configured IDPs (Identity providers) in miniOrange Identity Providers tab and Userstore.

  • Select one IDP you want for this application. Click on Save.

  • Select IDP from which you want to authenticate users
  • Now the users of this application would be able to authenticate only by the IDP (Identity Provider) selected from the Identity Source dropdown list.

Related Pages:-
What is Identity Brokering?
Login with WordPress API

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