Single Sign-On (SSO) for Apps Using Salesforce as IDP | Salesforce SSO Login

Single Sign-On (SSO) for Apps Using Salesforce as IDP | Salesforce SSO Login

Single Sign-On (SSO) into apps using Salesforce as IDP (Identity Provider) solution by miniOrange helps you to Single Sign-On (SSO) login to your cloud and SAAS applications and websites using your existing Salesforce Credentials. This centralized Single Sign-On (SSO) solution can be implemented by configuring Salesforce as IDP in miniOrange. Here we will go through a step-by-step guide in which You can set up your Salesforce org to act as an external service provider's single sign-on (SSO) SAML identity provider. When your organisation serves as a SAML identity provider, your users can log in once to access various apps.

miniOrange here can also act as an Identity Broker for cross-protocol authentication. It basically means configuring a Service Provider (Your application: Salesforce) following a particular protocol with an Identity Provider following some different protocol like SAML, OAuth etc. Once configured successfully you will be ready to securely access your cloud and SAAS applications and websites using Salesforce as IDP.

Step 1: Configure Salesforce as Identity Provider (IDP) in miniOrange

Mentioned below are steps to configure Salesforce as IDP via SAML and OAuth configuration. Follow the steps accordingly based on your requirement (SAML or OAuth).

    Follow the steps to configure Salesforce as IdP by SAML configuration.

  • Go to miniOrange Admin Console.
  • From the left navigation bar select Identity Provider
  • Click on Add Identity Provider button.
  • Configuring Salesforce as IdP : Identity Provider
  • Select SAML. Click on Import IDP metadata.
  • Configuring Salesforce as IdP : IDP metadata
  • Choose appropriate IDP name. Browse for the file downloaded in step 2.
  • Click on Import.
  • Configuring Salesforce as IdP: Salesforce Import
  • As shown in the below screen the IDP Entity ID, SAML SSO Login URL and x.509 Certificate will be filled from the Metadata file we just imported. Enter the Logout URL copied from Salesforce to Single Logout URL field.
  • Configuring Salesforce as IdP : SAML SSO Login URL and x.509 Certificate
  • Few other optional features that can be added to the Identity Provider(IDP) are listed in the table below:
  • Domain Mapping Can be used to redirect specific domain user to specific IDP
    Show IdP to Users Enable this if you want to show this IDP to all users during Login
    Send Configured Attributes Enabling this would allow you to add attributes to be sent from IDP
  • Click on Save.

Step 2: Configuring miniOrange as Service Provider (SP) in Salesforce.

  • Log in to Salesforce Portal.
  • Switch to Salesforce Lightning mode from profile menu and then go to the Setup page by clicking on setup button.
  • Go to Salesforce Portal and set Salesforce as IDP
  • From the left panel, select Settings Tab and click on Identity Provider.
  • Select Identity Provider in Salesforce Section <
  • Click on Enable Identity Provider button. After enabling the Identity Provider, you should be able to see Salesforce metadata endpoints and certificate details.
  • Enable IDP option to see Salesforce SAML endpoints
  • In the Service Provider section, click on the link to create the Service Provider using Connected Apps.
  • Link yur app as service provider in Salesforce saml
  • Enter Connected App Name, API Name and Contact Email.
  • Fill connected apps details to configure SAML IDP
  • Under Web App Settings, check the Enable SAML checkbox.
  • For Basic SAML configuration you need to get the Entity ID and ACS URL from miniOrange.
  • Go to miniOrange Dashboard in the left navigation menu. Click on Add External IdP.
  • Add salesforce as external IDP in miniOrange
  • Now click on the Click here link to get miniorange metadata as shown in Screen below.
  • Get metadetails to configure salesforce SAML IDP
  • For SP initiated SSO section Select Show Metadata Details.
  • Salesforce as IDP: Service Provider metadetails
  • Enter the values in basic SAML configuration as shown in below screen:
  • Entity ID Entity ID or Issuer
    ACS URL (Assertion Consumer Service URL) ACS URL

    Salesforce saml Fill connected apps details
  • Click on Save to save the configuration.
  • Now from the left menu, under Platform Tools, select Apps » Connected Apps » Manage Connected Apps .Click on the App you just created.

  • Salesforce saml platform tools
  • Under Profiles section, click on Manage Profiles button and select the profiles you want to give access to login through this app.

  • Add profile setup Salesforce saml
  • Under SAML Login Information, click on Download Metadata button to download the IDP metadata.
  • Salesforce saml Download Identity Providers metadata

Test Salesforce IDP Connection

  • Go to Identity Providers tab.
  • Click on Select>>Test Connection option against the Salesforce Identity Provider you configured.
  • Test Salesforce IDP Connection
  • On entering valid Salesforce credentials you will see a pop-up window which as shown in below screen.
  • Salesforce as IDP test successful
  • Hence your configuration of Salesforce as IDP in miniOrange is successfully completed.

    Follow the steps to configure Salesforce as IdP by OAuth configuration.

  • Go to miniOrange Admin Console.
  • From the left navigation bar select Identity Provider. Select Oauth
  • Salesforce saml Apps Salesforce saml Apps
  • Enter the following values.
  • IdP Name Custom Provider
    IdP Display Name Choose appropriate Name
    OAuth Authorize Endpoint From step 2
    OAuth Access Token Endpoint From step 2
    OAuth Get User Info Endpoint (optional) -
    Client ID From step 2
    Client secret From step 2
    Scope openid

Step 2: Configuring miniOrange as Service Provider (SP) in Salesforce.

  • Login to your SalesForce account.
  • Switch to the SalesForce Classic mode from profile menu, and then go to the Setup page.
  • From the left pane, under Build section go to Create > Apps.
  • OAuth/OpenID/OIDC Single Sign On (SSO) using Salesforce identity Provider, Create and Setup Salesforce App
  • Scroll down and click on the New button under Connected apps.
  • OAuth/OpenID/OIDC Single Sign On (SSO) using Salesforce Identity Provider, Connected apps
  • You will be taken to the application settings page. Enter the required details such as Connected App Name, API Name and Contact Email.
  • OAuth/OpenID/OIDC Single Sign On (SSO) using Identity Provider, New connected app
  • Check the Enable OAuth Settings check Salesforce under API(Enable OAuth Settings) section and you will be shown more options to configure.
  • To get the Redirect URL:
    • Go to miniOrange Admin Console.
    • From the left navigation bar select Identity Provider.
    • Salesforce sso
    • Copy the Callback URL as Redirect URL required for next step.
    • Salesforce sso
  • Back in Salesforce API, enter the Callback URL, select the Scopes as required and save the settings.
  • OAuth/OpenID/OIDC Single Sign On (SSO)using Salesforce Identity Provider, Enable OAuth Settings
  • You will be taken to the Application Management page. Here, you will find Consumer key(Client ID) and Consumer Secret(Client Secret).
  • OAuth/OpenID/OIDC Single Sign On (SSO) using Salesforce Identity Provider, Get Consumer ID

3. Configure your Application in miniOrange


If you have already configured your application in miniOrange you can skip the following steps.

  • Click on Create App under SAML.
  • Click on Create SAML App
  • Search for your Application. In case you do not find your app, search for Custom SAML App.
  • Search for your SAML App Configure SAML Application
  • Get the ACS URL and SP Entity ID from your application.
  • Enter the following values OR click on Import SP Metadata:
  • Service Provider Name Choose appropriate name according to your choice
    SP Entity ID or Issuer Your Application Entity ID
    ACS URL X.509 Certificate (optional) Your Application Assertion Consumer Service URL
    NameID Format  Select urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.1:nameid-format:emailAddress
    Response Signed Unchecked
    Assertion Signed Checked
    Encrypted Assertion Unchecked
    Group policy Default
    Login Method
  • Click on Save to configure your application.
  • Now to get the IDP metadata of the app configured, Go to apps >> your_app >> select >> metadata tab.
  • Go to the metadata section
  • Click on the Show Metadata details in the Information required to Authenticate via External IDPs section. Download the metadata XML file by clicking on Download Metadata button or copy the Metadata URL link.
  • Downlaod metadata - URL
  • You need to Upload this metadata in your application.
  • Click on Create App under OAuth/OIDC. Click on Open ID Connect App .
  •  Add OAuth openIDConnect app
  • You can add any OAuth Client app here to enable miniOrange as OAuth Server. Few popular OAuth client apps for single sign-on are Salesforce, WordPress, Joomla, Atlassian, etc.
  • Select your OAuth openIDConnect app Configure OAth AddopenIDConnect app
  • Enter following Values:
  • Client Name Add appropriate Name
    Redirect URL Get the Redirect-URL from your OAuth Client
    Descrption Add if required
    Group Name Default
    Policy Name
    Login Method
  • Click on Save
  • Now to provide the required data to OAuth client go to the app configured i.e apps >> your_app >> select >> edit.
  • Edit OAuth editOpenidConnect app OAuth openidConnect app endpoints

    Note: Choose the Authorization Endpoint according to the identity source you configure.

  • When you want to use you want to use miniOrange as OAuth identity server use this endpoint: https://{}/moas/idp/openidsso
  • If you are configuring any Identity Provider in Identity Providers Menu and not using miniOrange as IDP use this endpoint: https://{}/broker/login/oauth{customerid}
  • Click on Create App under JWT.
  • Click n External JWT app
  • Select JWT App.
  • SelectJWT app
  • Configure the name for your application and configure Redirect-URL which tells where to send JWT response. Redirect-URL should be an endpoint on your application where you want to achieve SSO.
  • Configure JWT App

    In case you are setting up SSO with Mobile Applications where you can't create an endpoint for Redirect or Callback URL, use below URL.

  • Click Save
  • To get the SSO link for your application, Go to Apps >> your_app >> select >> Edit.
  • Get SSO Link
  • Then, copy the Single Sign On Url and verify SSO setup by browsing that url.
  •  SSO URL
  • On successful authentication, you will be redirected to configured Redirect or Callback URL with JWT token
  • You will need to download a certificate from App > Manage Apps, and click Certificate link against your configured application. This certificate will be used for signature validation of JWT response.
  • Download certificate to proceed with SSO

4. Setup Multiple IDPs (Optional)

    You have a choice to set multiple IDPS for Single Application, i.e integrate multiple IDP and users can select IDP accordingly from which they want to authenticate themselves. There are three different ways to authenticate users using IDP.

  • Login using IDP selection page: It gives users an option to Select IDP from the dropdown list during login time.
  • Domain Mapping: Here we map the email domains to a particular IDP. So when the user enters the Email address with a specific domain he would be redirected to the respective IDP.
  • App Identity Provider Mapping: This feature gives users an option to select one specific IDP for their application before login.
  • Note : At once you can select either of them.

  • You can configure multiple IDPs (Identity Providers) and give users the option to select the IDP of their choice to authenticate with.
    For Example - It could be multiple AD domains belonging to different departments or multiple okta organizations.
  • Few usecases where customers configure multiple IDPs -

  • Suppose you have a product which many of your clients use and each client has their own unique IDP so you want them to SSO into your product as well using their existing IDP only. miniOrange provides a centralized way to connect with all IDPs in a very easy manner and integrate SSO into your application.
  • Suppose you are providing a course to many universities, each having a unique SAML, OAuth protocol supported IDP's like Shibboleth, ADFS, CAS, etc. You can provide Single Sign-On (SSO) into your course application to all these universities by integrating with all of them using a single platform provided by miniOrange.
  • This is the endpoint to call from your SAML application -
    For Cloud IDP -<customer_id>
    For On-Premise IDP -<customer_id>
  • You should copy the Customer Key from admin console-> Settings -> and replace it with <customer_id> here. Once configured in SP, when you initiate the login from Service Provider, a user will be redirected to IDP Selection Page listing all IDPs configured for that account.
  • You can see the screenshot below of the IDP Selection Page with a list of IDPs .

    Note: To view the IDP in drop-down list, go to Identity Providers tab > against your configured IDP > Select >Edit , here Enable the Show IdP to Users option.

    Select your IDP (Identity Provider) to login

  • You can also change the look and feel of this page. Login to miniOrange Admin console. Navigate to Customization -> Branding Configuration. See the below screenshot for reference-
    Customize IDP selection login page
  1. You can customize the title of this page.
  2. Change the logo and favicon for this page.
  3. Change the background and button color for this page from admin UI.

If you have multiple IDPs and you want a certain set of users to authenticate from one IdP whereas another set of users to authenticate from another IdP, based on their email domains you can achieve this by using the following steps:- Our domain mapping feature

  • We have provided a Domain Mapping field under each IdP where admins can enter the domain eg. , as shown in the screenshot below.
  • Domain Mapping for selected IDP SSO

    Lets say, there are two organisations under ADFS. One want to authenticate the users under the domain and other one with the domain For reference, We have taken the 2 organisations as two different IDPs and WordPress as SP. Follow the guides to set up ADFS and WordPress at your end.

  • Once the setup is complete you can login through your Wordpress site.
  • So a user logging in with the domain will be redirected to the first organisation under ADFS.
  • Selected IDP Login Page

  • User logging in with email address having domain will be redirected to the second organisation under ADFS.
  • Different Domain IDP SSO login
    SSO Login Page for the selected domain
  • Once the user will authenticate itself through respective Organisations under ADFS, it will be redirected back to Wordpress site.

    If you have multiple IDPs (identity provider) and you want a certain application user to authenticate with one IDP and other application users with another IDP then you can achieve this by our Identity Source Feature.

  • Go to apps >> your_app >> select >>edit.
  • Edit SAML app
  • Here you will have an option called as an Identity source.
  • The dropdown list would show the list of configured IDPs (Identity providers) in miniOrange Identity Providers tab and Userstore.
  • Select one IDP you want for this application. Click on Save.
  • Select IDP from which you want to authenticate users
  • Now the users of this application would be able to authenticate only by the IDP (Identity Provider) selected from the Identity Source dropdown list.

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